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Irregular Verbs in English

Base Past Tense Past Participle
be (am, is, are) was, were been
bear bore borne
bet bet bet
become became become
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bid (offer to pay) bid bid
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
cling clung clung
come came come
cost cost cost
cut cut cut
creep crept crept
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
dive dived/dove dived
do did done
draw drew drawn
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
flee fled fled
fling flung flung
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten/forgot
forgive forgave forgiven
freeze froze frozen
get got got/gotten
give gave given
go went gone
grind ground ground
grow grew grown
hang (suspend) hung hung
hang (put to death) hanged hanged
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
kneel knelt knelt
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
light lit/lighted lit/lighted
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
mistake mistook mistaken
pay paid paid
put put put
quit quit quit
read red red
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
set set set
send sent sent
shake shook shaken
shed shed shed
shine shone shone
shrink shrank shrunk
shoot shot shot
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
slit slit slit
speak spoke spoken
speed sped sped
spend spent spent
spill spilt/spilled spilt/spilled
spin spun/span spun
split split split
spread spread spread
spring sprang sprung
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank/stunk stunk
stride strode stridden
strike struck struck
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
throw threw thrown
upset upset upset
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
weave wove woven
weep wept wept
win won won
wind wound wound
write wrote written
Base Past Tense Past Participle Example Meaning
raise raised raised to raise flowers chodować, uprawiać, wychowywać dzieci
rise rose risen to rise from a seat wstawać, podnosić się, wschodzić (słońce)
lay laid laid (lays, laying) he lays his clothes on his chair to put something down carefully in a flat position
lie lay lain (lies, lying) lying on the beach to be in or put yourself into a flat position
lie lied lied I lied to my teacher about my homework to say something which is not true

The verbs raise and rise both refer to something going “up”. The main difference between them is that raise is transitive (it must have a direct object) and rise is intransitive (no direct object).

notes/misc/irregular_verbs.txt · Last modified: 2020/08/26 (external edit)